Limited time offer - $100 OFF

How Long Does Gum Surgery Take: A Comprehensive Guide

March 07, 2024


Gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease that can cause gum redness, swelling, and bleeding. Most often, gingivitis occurs due to poor oral hygiene, plaque, and tartar buildup. Professional treatment can reverse the condition.

Periodontitis is a more severe form of gum disease in which gingivitis has worsened and advanced, leading to an inflammatory response that destroys bone and tissues.

During this inflammatory process, the gums begin to separate from the teeth. This causes spaces called pockets to develop, which in turn trap bacteria and lead to infection.As a result, tooth loss and bone damage can occur.

Gum surgery, also known as periodontal surgery, is a procedure that aims to treat various gum-related issues. If you're considering this surgery, you probably have several questions on your mind, with the most important one being: How long does gum surgery take? In this comprehensive guide, we'll not only answer that question but also provide you with a wealth of information about gum surgery, its types, recovery, and much more.

How Long Does Gum Surgery Take?

Gum surgery duration varies depending on the specific type of procedure and the severity of the condition. Generally, gum surgery can take anywhere from 30 minutes to 2 hours. To give you a better understanding, let's explore the different types of gum surgeries and their respective timeframes:

1. Scaling and Root Planing:

Time Taken: Approximately 30 minutes to 1 hour

Scaling and root planing, a non-surgical procedure, is often the first step in treating gum disease. This process involves the thorough cleaning of the tooth roots to remove plaque and tartar buildup. It's relatively quick and may not require anesthesia. Before surgery, a dent surgeon might give gums a deep clean. One procedure known as deep scaling can remove tartar and bacteria from teeth and gums.

Another procedure known as root planing can smooth the surfaces of the roots of the teeth, meaning that there are fewer places for tartar and bacteria to build up. This procedure also removes any tartar that is on the root.

Deep scaling and root planing usually occur at the same time.

2. Gingivectomy:

Time Taken: About 1 hour

Gingivectomy is performed to remove excessive gum tissue that may be causing cosmetic or health issues. It's a relatively straightforward procedure that typically takes around an hour.

3. Gum Grafting:

Time Taken: 1 to 2 hours

A lowered gum line, known as gum line recession, is caused by the loss of gum tissue and may require soft tissue grafting to reduce the risk of further damage.

During this procedure, a dental surgeon typically removes tissue from one part of the body and re-attaches it to the area where the gum has receded. The tissue often comes from the roof of the mouth.

Tissue grafting not only reduces the risk of further damage but also covers any exposed roots.

The time it takes depends on the number of grafts needed. It generally ranges from 1 to 2 hours.

Other treatment options include:

  • Laser therapy: Although no current evidence fully supports laser therapy, some dentists use it to reduce the size of pockets and restore damaged connective tissue.
  • Tissue-stimulating proteins: This procedure involves using a protein-containing gel to stimulate bone and tissue growth.

4. Flap Surgery:

Time Taken: Approximately 1 to 2 hours

Flap surgery, also known as pocket depth reduction, is a procedure to remove pockets of infected gum tissue. The duration can vary based on the number of areas being treated.

Flap surgery is especially helpful for people who have tartar deposits in deep pockets. The procedure involves lifting the gums off of the teeth to remove tartar buildup.

After the surgeon has cleaned the area and removed the tartar, they will stitch the gums into place to fit around the teeth. Sometimes, the bone may require reshaping during this procedure.


5. Bone Grafting:

Time Taken: Up to 2 hours

When gum disease has caused bone loss, bone grafting may be necessary to restore the bone structure. The time it takes depends on the complexity of the grafting required.

When the bone that surrounds the root of the tooth is damaged or destroyed, a person may need a bone graft. This procedure involves replacing the damaged bone with new bone. This bone may be the person’s bone, a manufactured bone, or a donated bone.

The goal of bone grafting is to hold the tooth in place and help it to regrow.

Preparation for gum surgery : 

Before a person has gum surgery, a dentist will perform a pre-operative exam to make sure it is safe to have surgery.

During this exam, the dentist will likely take a medical history review and do an exam, examine the teeth, mouth, and jaw to check for stability and health, check for any infections, abscesses, or other lesions that could make healing from surgery more complicated, discuss the risks and benefits of the operation, and receive permission or consent to move forward with the surgery.


FAQs About Gum Surgery

Now that you have a rough idea of the timeframes for various gum surgeries, let's address some common questions related to gum surgery.

1. Is gum surgery painful?

Answer: Gum surgery is typically performed under local anesthesia, which means you won't feel pain during the procedure. However, you may experience some discomfort and swelling during the recovery phase.

Throughout your surgery, you can expect to feel no pain whatsoever, as the anesthesia will ensure you are thoroughly numb. However, once you are home and the effects have worn off, it is not uncommon to experience some soreness and discomfort. Fortunately, there are ways to manage the pain and avoid complications.

A few ways you can ensure a swift and successful recovery include:

  • Avoiding brushing and rinsing your mouth the day of your surgery
  • After the first 24 hours, use a mouth rinse to swish around to kill off any bad bacteria
  • Avoiding hot foods and beverages for the first few days. Instead, eat soft foods for the first week.
  • Keeping your tongue away from the surgical area
  • Avoiding strenuous activity for about a week
  • Taking any prescribed medications as instructed by your periodontist.

A gum graft can be an extraordinarily beneficial procedure, but you’ll need to take the appropriate steps to ensure you heal properly. After a short time, you’ll be able to enjoy a healthier, more beautiful smile

2. How long is the recovery period after gum surgery?

Answer: The recovery period varies depending on the type of gum surgery. It can range from a few days to several weeks. Your dentist or periodontist will provide specific post-operative care instructions.

Following any dental procedure, a dentist will provide detailed instructions on how to achieve the best possible recovery. Recovery times will depend on the extent of the procedure taking place

Typically, people will require pain relief medications in the days after gum surgery. Again, the dentist will talk to the person about any recommended drugs before they leave the office or surgical center.

Dentists may also recommend:

  • Use an antiseptic mouthwash to keep the area clean and to avoid infection
  • avoiding strenuous exercise
  • eating soft foods in the days following surgery
  • not smoking

The dentist will schedule an appointment to return to the office for 1–2 weeks time. During this appointment, the surgeon will check how the gums are healing and, if required, remove any stitches.

A person’s gums will look and feel different after surgery. The gums and teeth will heal, tighten, and become firmer and stronger. Some people may have tooth sensitivity to hot or cold temperatures and may find relief by using desensitizing toothpaste.

Dentists will discuss a follow-up schedule to maintain good oral health in the future.

3. Are there any risks associated with gum surgery?

Answer: Like any surgical procedure, gum surgery does carry some risks, including infection, bleeding, and allergic reactions to anesthesia. However, these risks are relatively rare, and your healthcare provider will take steps to minimize them.

4. Can I eat normally after gum surgery?

Answer: Initially, you'll need to stick to a soft diet to avoid putting pressure on the surgical site. As you heal, you can gradually reintroduce solid foods. Your dentist will provide dietary guidelines during your recovery.

5. How can I speed up the healing process after gum surgery?

Answer: Following your dentist's post-operative instructions, maintaining good oral hygiene, and avoiding tobacco and alcohol can help speed up the healing process.

For the first week or two during recovery, patients should stick to a diet of soft, cold foods to ensure they do not damage the gum graft. Hot or hard foods could burn or irritate the graft and therefore should be avoided for a while. Ideal foods during recovery include eggs, yogurt, fully cooked vegetables, ice cream, and gelatin.

To reduce the risk of infection, plaque buildup on the teeth, or complications with the graft, the periodontist will often recommend using an antimicrobial mouthwash for a period of weeks after surgery. Patients should not floss or brush in the area until the doctor has cleared them to do so as these activities could damage the graft and open a wound.

If there is residual pain or discomfort, patients can manage it with over-the-counter pain medicines like ibuprofen. If pain persists or becomes severe, consult the periodontist as quickly as possible to rule out complications.

6. Is gum surgery covered by insurance?

Answer: In many cases, gum surgery is partially or fully covered by dental insurance plans. However, coverage can vary, so it's essential to check with your insurance provider and discuss costs with your dentist beforehand.

Types of Gum Surgery: In-Depth

Now that we've answered some common questions, let's delve deeper into the different types of gum surgery and what each entails.

1. Scaling and Root Planing:

  • Procedure: Removal of plaque and tartar from tooth roots.
  • Common Use: Initial treatment for gum disease.
  • Recovery: Minimal downtime, with mild discomfort possible.

2. Gingivectomy:

  • Procedure: Removal of excess gum tissue.
  • Common Use: Correcting gummy smiles or addressing gum overgrowth.
  • Recovery: Typically quick, with mild discomfort.

3. Gum Grafting:

  • Procedure: Transplantation of gum tissue to cover exposed roots.
  • Common Use: Treating gum recession and tooth sensitivity.
  • Recovery: May involve some swelling and discomfort for a few days.

4. Flap Surgery:

  • Procedure: Lifting gum tissue to access and clean pockets of infection.
  • Common Use: Treating moderate to severe gum disease.
  • Recovery: Healing time varies but may involve several weeks of mild discomfort.

5. Bone Grafting:

  • Procedure: Adding bone tissue to repair bone loss.
  • Common Use: Restoring bone structure in advanced gum disease cases.
  • Recovery: Healing can take several months as new bone forms.

Gum Surgery Recovery: What to Expect

The recovery process after gum surgery is crucial to ensure successful outcomes. Here's what you can expect during this period:

  • Immediate Post-Op: You may experience some bleeding, swelling, and discomfort immediately after surgery. This is entirely normal and should subside within a few days.

  • Medications: Your dentist may prescribe pain relievers or antibiotics to manage pain and prevent infection. Follow the prescribed dosage instructions carefully.

  • Dietary Restrictions: Initially, stick to a soft diet to avoid disturbing the surgical site. This may include soups, yogurt, and mashed potatoes.

  • Oral Hygiene: Maintain excellent oral hygiene but avoid brushing or flossing the surgical area until your dentist gives the green light.

  • Follow-Up Appointments: Attend all follow-up appointments as scheduled. Your dentist will monitor your progress and remove any sutures if necessary.

  • Recovery Time: The duration of recovery varies depending on the type of surgery. It can range from a few days to several weeks or even months for more complex procedures.

Most patients will be fully healed from a gum graft procedure within two weeks but could take up to a month. A follow-up appointment with the doctor a week after the procedure will be needed to ensure the graft was successful and patient is properly healing. After two weeks, regular flossing and brushing can resume.


In conclusion, the duration of gum surgery varies based on the specific procedure and its complexity. While it may take as little as 30 minutes for a scaling and root planing procedure, more complex surgeries like bone grafting can take up to 2 hours or more.

Remember that gum surgery is a viable solution for various gum-related issues, and the recovery process is an essential part of achieving optimal results. Following your dentist's instructions and maintaining good oral hygiene can contribute significantly to a successful outcome.

If you're considering gum surgery, consult with your dentist or periodontist to discuss your specific case and the estimated duration of the procedure. They will provide you with personalized information and address any concerns you may have.

In summary, while the length of gum surgery may vary, the potential benefits of improved oral health and a beautiful smile make the journey well worth it.